The scholar survey, which has instructors tune the number of students that wear a hijab, has angered Daghestani citizens and elicited vociferous denials from government officers.
A teacher’s accidental WhatsApp message has sparked huge anger in the course of the Russian Republic of Daghestan.
On Wednesday, a collection of parents in a common WhatsApp organization, whose kids are college students at health club No 13 in Makhachkala, received a message from one of the college’s instructors — a photograph of that yr’s scholar survey.
The survey, that are used to tune students’ socio-monetary conditions, had the same old classes which include ‘number of college students with an incapacity’ and ‘range of kids from low-income families’ but it additionally had a brand new category: ‘range of ladies carrying a hijab.’
One of the parents of a pupil in health club No 13 informed OC Media that when these statistics have become public, the instructor despatched to the WhatsApp organization a ‘corrected’ survey without the ‘number of women sporting a hijab’ category.
Mumsnet Murtazayeva, the director of the gymnasium No thirteen in Makhachkala, instructed OC Media that a survey on this shape now not exists, and this was a pattern of 2016.
A unique survey, used at faculty No 15 in Makhachkala and acquired with the aid of OC Media, also includes a query relating the clothing worn by means of a baby’s parents and which simplest has widespread answers: ‘hijab’ and ‘normal’.
School trainer Patimat Abakarova advised OC Media that such surveys have been filled in regularly in view that 2016, and the class about college students sporting a hijab become delivered on the request of the police.
This records, she stated, is maximum possibly accrued for the Centre for Combatting Extremism of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Daghestan.
‘Potentially risky people’
Maryam Islamova, the mom of a scholar at a college in Makhachkala, advised OC Media that she believes that the hijab is so closely watched due to the fact it is spiritual apparel, and that, according to regulation enforcement corporations, folks who put on spiritual apparel and live in step with Islamic law are ‘probably dangerous humans’.
‘A few years in the past, teachers were not allowed to put on the hijab, neither had been doctors in hospitals. Now evidently this wave [of suppressing the hijab] has subsided, however, because it turns out, accounting is now underway’, she stated.
In an Instagram publish published on 10 October, the pinnacle of the schooling branch of Makhachkala, Vadim Debyayev, denied that there has been an accounting of the range of college students carrying hijabs.
He wrote that he considers it ‘unacceptable, each in terms of student rights and ethical ethics’ and that ‘neither the Department of Education nor the academic businesses of the metropolis of Makhachkala keep information of college students sporting a hijab’.
The sole motive of yearly scholar surveys, he wrote, became ‘to save you overlook, homelessness, and juvenile delinquency’.
Shamil Musayev, the determine of a scholar at school No 15, instructed OC Media that collecting facts on college students in hijabs and their mother and father is much like the ‘preventive supervision listing’ of ‘extremists’, on which one can also discover themselves without a doubt ‘in the event that they own a beard’.
‘We all realize what then happens to folks who get into such lists. To confirm their extremism, fingers may be planted at them any time, or they will be accused of calling for extremism on the Internet or, as is now stylish, accused of financing a terrorist organization’, Musayev said.
Ibragim Malachilov, a student at the Daghestani Road and Transport College, instructed OC Media that the university’s guards do no longer let students enter the campus in the event that they have two days of stubble on their faces — they’re despatched lower back home to shave.
OC Media has received a copy of a letter, dated thirteen September 2019, from the pinnacle of the Center for Combatting Extremism of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Daghestan, Magomed Saypulayev, wherein Saypulayev calls at the rector of the Daghestani Pedagogical University to tighten control over student attendance and to ‘pay attention’ to college students who ask for permission to depart on Friday.
The obvious monitoring of students want to visit the mosque for Friday prayers is justified via Saipulayev as a motion achieved ‘in order to save you their involvement in extremist and different unlawful activities’.
The letter said that ‘skipping classes’ — i.E. Going to Friday prayers — for students is unwanted, and sooner or later students can be expelled from the university due to ‘systematic disruption of the academic manner’.
‘Preventive supervision list’
In 2016 Russia followed a law allowing individuals who are ‘susceptible to crime’, or whose behavior is ‘antisocial’ or ‘violates normally generic requirements of behavior and ethical, rights, and legitimate pastimes of others’ to be delivered to the listing, which imposes regulations on freedom. Opaque procedures for adding human beings to the listing permit law enforcement officers to consist of nearly any Russian citizen. As a rule, humans, who locate themselves on the listing have to document their actions and actions to their neighborhood police precinct. Yet, because the regulation doesn’t specify how to handle folks who are covered within the list, in practice, each police station sets their very own guidelines.
According to Memorial, a human rights institution, because of 2013, lots of human beings in Daghestan had been put on a ‘preventive supervision listing’ as ‘extremists’, ‘religious extremists’, or ‘followers of Wahhabism’.
On 23 March 2017, the Minister of Internal Affairs of Daghestan, Abdurashid Magomedov despatched a letter to the Supreme Court of the republic, in which he said that there’s no longer a ‘preventive supervision list’ of ‘extremists’, and that the data accrued for the list has been destroyed.
At a session of the People’s Assembly of Daghestan in March 2019, Abdurashid Magomedov reiterated that there was no ‘preventive supervision listing’ of ‘extremists’ in Daghestan, but, he did admit there currently exist ‘preventive supervision lists’ for the ones at risk of crimes, ‘such as extremist ones’.
Memorial states that no one has seen the regulations on the idea of which people are registered for a ‘preventive supervision list’, and the manner for registration and deregistration has no longer been made public.