Are you a social worker looking to understand the profession better? Social work is incredibly rewarding, as it allows you to help people in need and improve the lives of individuals and communities.
Social work is a broad and diverse field with many theoretical frameworks. Theoretical frameworks have played an integral role in the area’s development and are still playing a significant role in its future.
These theories help us understand the field, how we interact with clients and their families, and how we can best work together as professionals. They are also integral to the field’s continuous growth and improvement.
What are some of these frameworks, how do they function, and what makes them essential to social work? To help you understand it all, this article will explore some of the social worker’s most important theoretical frameworks.
In social work, the theory is essential to understanding the field and helps inform best practices for providing adequate care to individuals, families, and communities.
Theory helps us understand individual behavior and can also help guide how practitioners approach their work with clients. It also provides a framework for interpreting human behavior, which is integral to making informed decisions about interventions and approaches to care.
With an understanding of different theoretical approaches, social workers can better assess clients’ needs and create a plan of action to provide them with the best care.
Students can explore various theories that impact their work by enrolling in an online MSW program in Kentucky from Spalding University. In addition, students can learn more about the intricacies of each theory. The program uses advocacy and reflective practice to promote a just society while preparing you for various social service roles.
Theoretical frameworks in social work organize the research and analysis used in social work practice. Here are eight theoretical frameworks to help the practicing social worker. These theories represent shared concepts, beliefs, values, and sometimes techniques to guide interventions by a helper.
This theory focuses on the patient’s personality, including subconscious motivations for acting out of defense mechanisms. This approach is particularly relevant to psychogenic illnesses and the adverse effects of early traumatic experiences. You can alleviate symptoms with the help of a therapist who helps patients identify their symptoms and resolve conflicts.
This theory focuses on a specific situation and suggests that systematic changes are needed to improve the overall quality of life. It is based on the idea that a system does not function as it should unless individuals change their behavior and accept responsibility for their actions.
Individuals must also recognize their interdependence with each other so that they have a positive impact on society. For example, individuals and families live within larger systems such as workplaces, health care services, and government agencies that affect their well-being.
Family life cycle theory
Also known as the family and systems theory, it assumes that families are unique, so they should be treated as individual units in a therapeutic relationship.
In other words, each family is different because each has its unique structure, hierarchy, and supervision styles. Treatments are not always practical for every family because social workers must alter their treatment systems to fit their needs.
This theory highlights the positive aspects of human behavior, including personal growth and self-actualization, while ignoring the negative aspects. A key theme is that no person is perfect, so humanity can continue to develop with awareness of its imperfections.
Human resources theory
This theory is based on the idea that individuals in a social system have an inner life, including values, motives, needs, goals, etc. The inner lives of individuals interact with each other, and society’s quality depends on its citizens’ internal health.
This theory demonstrates that individuals are part of a complex system, including social, economic, political, technological, and environmental elements. These multiple levels interact with each other to affect human beings in every aspect of their lives.
For example, suppose a person grows up in an urban area and gets an education in a rural school where they interact with students from other backgrounds. In that case, they might behave differently in school than growing up in an urban area.
Social work is a complex field that requires a deep understanding of psychological and social processes. These theories provide an essential foundation for helping people and creating positive social change. Social workers must thoroughly understand these theories and approaches to serve their clients best.